CH – Raga CDs of the Months (05/2015): KALPITA SANGITA – Compositions in Indian Classics.
Posted by ElJay Arem (IMC OnAir) on May 11, 2015
The promotion initiative IMC – Indian Classical Music in it’s monthly radio broadcastings on the basis of raga scales.meets Classic has presented so fare
For North Indian Classics (Hindustani music) the Ragas are classified according to the Thaat system with 10 parent scales. The Carnatic music (South Indian Classics) exist 72 ragams of the Melakarta system.
Raga scales aren’t melody forms, in the sense of composed music pieces “note-for-note” with fixed keys (major and minor) or exact defined modulations (dynamics) for each bar by written notations.
Ragas are to be understood as more than a complex sete of rules. Ragas are a framework, in it the interpreter freely can move – vocally or instrumentally. Ragas are monophon (without chords).
The micro-tonal structure (shruti-s) and complex rhythm system (Taala) guarantee an extremely ornamental art. Raga performances are multifaceted.
dates of broadcasting…
A compositional understanding as in Western classical music does not exist in Indian Classics. But the term ‘composition’ is used also in Indian music.
The term Kalpita Sangita defines the ‘recitative music‘ while Manodharma Sangita means the ‘creative music‘.
Kalpita Sangita is an interpretation form which applies to existing compositions: original compositions or creations of other composers. A composer is called Vaggeyakara.
On the other hand Manodharma Sangita is created by a vocalist or instrumentalist ‘ex tempore‘ spontaneously, a kind of improvisational style as known in Jazz, on the basis of the modal structure of Indian raga scales.
The radio broadcasting in November “Raga CDs of the Months” is occupied with the compositional concept of Kalpita Sangita.
Sources of pictures (paintings):
- SURDAS & SHYAM MANOHAR (Lihto/Print) – Artist: Vasudeo H.Pandya, Print: 14″ x 20″ (Picture & Published by : S.S.BRIJBASI & SONS, MATHURA (U.P.) (Printed around 70 yearS Back.)
- Jayadeva’s Gita Govinda (Bahsoli painting of Radha and Krishna in Discussion, (An illustration from Gita Govinda) Gouache on paper – circa 1730 AD)
- Amir Khusro and Hazrat Nizam-ud-Awaliya (Hyderabad, circa 1750-70 A.D., National Museum, New Delhi)