IMC – India meets Classic presents …

… radio shows for Indian (Music) Culture

DE – Raga CDs of the Months (02/2014): The Divine Instrument – Bamboo of 14″

Posted by ElJay Arem (IMC OnAir) on February 19, 2014

The Indian flute is one of the oldest instruments in India. Poems in Sanskrit and Hindi praise the sound of the bansuri. One of the poems reads: “When Lord Krishna is playing the flute, even the little calves were so charmed by the divine melody that they stopped to drink water from the river Yamuna and to suckle milk from the udder of the mother cows. Even the flow of Yamuna dried up as it was so enchanted by the flute music.

With the Indian flute and it’s emotional expression you always combine the love of God, a love without the intention for personal happiness. It is Shringara-bhava, it is symbolized between Krishna and Radha, one of the Gopis, the cow herd girls. The In Hinduism the Gopis belong to the most intimate circle of lovers of God. Krishna is the incarnation of Vishnu, in representations always easy to recognize in lilac as full body colour.

dates of broadcasting…

20th February 2014 – 03:00 pm EST (09:00 pm CET) @ radio multicult.fm (DE)
(Premiere: 21st Nov 2011 – 11:00 pm CET @ Tide 96.0 FM)
broadcasting plan | streaming (Internet Radio & Mobile Radio) | podCast

It is not reported exactly when and how the Indian bamboo flute came into existence. Kalidasa, a poet in the Sanskrit language, has created a legend about the origin of the bamboo flute, about 650 years (A.D.) in his epic work Kumarasambhava: “A black bee is said to have stung the sting by a shrouded bamboo blade. When the wind blew through the hole and music sounded, the kinara, music-loving demigods were so impressed that they cut this piece of bamboo. They made an instrument of it, the Indian bamboo flute was born.”

In the ancient musicological script Naradiya Shiksha (600 A.D.) the bamboo flute is described as a kind of tuning fork, for the recitation of verses  n from the Samaveda, which is one of the Vedic scriptures. In the medieval treatise Sangeet Ratnakara (1247 AD) the Indian flute is described in 15 different designs.

For the Indian flute there exist a variety of denominations. The different namings are lead back to the frequent description in poetry, where Krishna playing his flute is described. The word bansuri originates from Sanskrit. Bans means bamboo and Swar is a musical note. The bamboo flute is also called Bansi, Venu, Murali, Algooz or Vamshi. The bansuri is applied in its design as a transverse flute and is originally from the Indian folk music. Only in the 20th Century the Bansuri has been introduced in Indian classical music. The bansuri is now an established representative of the North Indian classical music. Also in the South Indian classics the bamboo flute has taken hold. Here it is called Venu. Compared with the bansuri the Venu has two holes more. The bansuri is equipped with six regular holes (+ blow hole), that Venu has eight.

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