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Archive for September 5th, 2011

ECNP: Size and Burden of Mental Disorders in Europe Report (Press release)

Posted by ElJay Arem (IMC OnAir) on September 5, 2011

The Size and Burden of Mental Disorders in Europe

This major landmark study prepared by the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology (ECNP) and the European Brain Council (EBC), under the co-ordination of ECNP vice-president Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, sheds new light on the state of Europe’s mental and neurological health. The study demonstrates the degree to which mental disorders have become Europe’s largest health challenge in the 21st century and that the majority remain untreated. Taken together with the large and increasing number of “disorders of the brain,” the true size and burden is even significantly higher.

This study covers 30 countries (the European Union plus Switzerland, Iceland and Norway), with a combined population of 514 million people, and encompasses all major mental disorders, including (amongst others) depression, bipolar disorders, anxiety disorders, insomnia, addiction and schizophrenia, as well as several neurological disorders, including stroke, epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease and multiple sclerosis.

The study also identifies the critical challenges to improved basic and clinical research on mental and neurological disorders in the region.

To read the report, click here.

(Source: 09/2011 – ECNP)

Posted in Health Care | Leave a Comment »

European Neuropsychopharmacology: The size and burden of mental disorders and other disorders of the brain in Europe 2010

Posted by ElJay Arem (IMC OnAir) on September 5, 2011

European Neuropsychopharmacology
Volume 21, Issue 9 , Pages 655-679, September 2011

H.U. Wittchen (@ )| F. Jacobi|J. RehmA. Gustavsson|M. Svensson|B. Jönsson|J. Olesen|
C. Allgulander|J. Alonso|C. Faravelli|L. Fratiglioni|P. Jennum|R. Lieb|A. Maercker|
J. van Os|M. Preisig|L. Salvador-Carulla|R. Simon|H.-C. Steinhausen|

 Abstract (-> full text | PDF )

Aims

To provide 12-month prevalence and disability burden estimates of a broad range of mental and neurological disorders in the European Union (EU) and to compare these findings to previous estimates. Referring to our previous 2005 review, improved up-to-date data for the enlarged EU on a broader range of disorders than previously covered are needed for basic, clinical and public health research and policy decisions and to inform about the estimated number of persons affected in the EU.

Method

Stepwise multi-method approach, consisting of systematic literature reviews, reanalyses of existing data sets, national surveys and expert consultations. Studies and data from all member states of the European Union (EU-27) plus Switzerland, Iceland and Norway were included. Supplementary information about neurological disorders is provided, although methodological constraints prohibited the derivation of overall prevalence estimates for mental and neurological disorders. Disease burden was measured by disability adjusted life years (DALY).

Results

Prevalence: It is estimated that each year 38.2 % of the EU population suffers from a mental disorder. Adjusted for age and comorbidity, this corresponds to 164.8 million persons affected. Compared to 2005 (27.4 %) this higher estimate is entirely due to the inclusion of 14 new disorders also covering childhood/adolescence as well as the elderly. The estimated higher number of persons affected (2011: 165 m vs. 2005: 82 m) is due to coverage of childhood and old age populations, new disorders and of new EU membership states. The most frequent disorders are anxiety disorders (14.0 %), insomnia (7.0 %), major depression (6.9 %), somatoform (6.3 %), alcohol and drug dependence (>4 %), ADHD (5 %) in the young, and dementia (1–30 %, depending on age). Except for substance use disorders and mental retardation, there were no substantial cultural or country variations. Although many sources, including national health insurance programs, reveal increases in sick leave, early retirement and treatment rates due to mental disorders, rates in the community have not increased with a few exceptions (i.e. dementia). There were also no consistent indications of improvements with regard to low treatment rates, delayed treatment provision and grossly inadequate treatment.

Disability: Disorders of the brain and mental disorders in particular, contribute 26.6 % of the total all cause burden, thus a greater proportion as compared to other regions of the world. The rank order of the most disabling diseases differs markedly by gender and age group; overall, the four most disabling single conditions were: depression, dementias, alcohol use disorders and stroke.

Conclusion

In every year over a third of the total EU population suffers from mental disorders. The true size of “disorders of the brain” including neurological disorders is even considerably larger. Disorders of the brain are the largest contributor to the all cause morbidity burden as measured by DALY in the EU. No indications for increasing overall rates of mental disorders were found nor of improved care and treatment since 2005; less than one third of all cases receive any treatment, suggesting a considerable level of unmet needs. We conclude that the true size and burden of disorders of the brain in the EU was significantly underestimated in the past. Concerted priority action is needed at all levels, including substantially increased funding for basic, clinical and public health research in order to identify better strategies for improved prevention and treatment for disorders of the brain as the core health challenge of the 21st century.

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PII: S0924-977X(11)00172-6

doi: 10.1016/j.euroneuro.2011.07.018

(Source: 09/2011 – European Neuropsychopharmacology)
statista: Fallzahlen psychische Erkrankungen in der EU

Geschätzte Fallzahlen von psychischen Erkrankungen in der EU 2011 in Millionen

Die Statistik zeigt die geschätzten Fallzahlen von psychischen Erkrankungen in der EU 2011. Laut Schätzung sind 14,6 Millionen EU-Bürger alkoholabhängig.

(© Statista 09/2011 – Quelle: Europäische Union; ECNP)

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CH – Raga CDs des Monats (09/11): GANZTAGESRAGAS…

Posted by ElJay Arem (IMC OnAir) on September 5, 2011

IMC – India meets Classic präsentiert Ganztagesragas wie den Raga (Mishra) Pilu oder Raga Kafi – mit Hörbeispielen im indischen Gesang (Thumri – Hori), auf der Sarod, Sitar und Tabla …

In verschiedenen Literaturquellen werden die Ragas Pilu (o. Piloo), Kafi, Mand, Dhani oder der Raga Bhairavi als Ganztagesragas genannt. (Anm.: Den Raga Bhairavi stellte IMC OnAir in der Sendung „Morgenragas” vor.)

Raga Pilu ist ein 5-Ton-Raga, in einer pentatonischen Skala und Raga Kafi ein 7-Noten-Raga (Sa, Re, Ga, Ma, Pa, Dha, Ni und das um eine Oktave höher liegenden Sa), ein vollständiger Raga, sanpoorna …

Kennzeichnend für alle Ganztagesragas ist, dass sie der leichten Klassik (Indian Light Classical Music) zugeordnet werden.

Sendetermine…

12. September 2011 – 22:00-22:58 Uhr CET (04:00 pm EST) @ Radio RaSA (CH)
(Premiere: 22. Januar 2007 @ Tide 96.0 FM)
broadcasting plan | streaming (Internet Radio & Mobile Radio) | podCast

Neben der Instrumentalmusik in Hindustani, in der nordindischen Klassik, gibt es die indische Vokalmusik. Der Gesang, die menschliche Stimme, ist das führende Instrument Indiens. Auch hier finden wir die Form der Ganztagsragas wieder – wie beispielsweise im Thumri-Gesang und im Dadra, einer Nuancierung des Thumris gespielt. Thumri und Dadra gehören wie die Ragas Pilu und Kafi der leichten indischen Klassik an. Thumri-s werden für den romantischen Ausdruck verwendet.

IMC – India meets Classic präsentiert dazu die Königin der Thumris: Samanta Shobha Shirodkar Gurtu mit dem Gesangsbeispiel „Main To Kheloongi Un Sang Hori”, eine Hori-Komposition (Anm.: Hori-Kompositionen beschreiben den Spass und die Fröhlichkeit des farbenfrohen Holi-Festes (= indisches Frühlingsfest).) Shobha Gurtu wird begleitet von dem unvergleichlichen Purushottam Walawalkar auf dem Harmonium, Sultan Khan auf der Sarangi und Sabir Khan, Tabla.

Im Weiteren spielen die Sarod-Legende Ali Akbar Khan, als Solist und in einem Jugalbandi (indisches Duett) mit Pandit Ravi Shankar auf der Sitar. Ihn begleitet in einem weiterne Hörbeispiel der indische Johann Sebastian Bach, wie Allah Rakha von Sir Yehudin Menuhin bewundert genannt wurde. – Ein langjähriger Weggefährte von Shankar bei unzähligen Bühnenauftritten, u.a. das legendäre Woodstock-Festival in 1969.

Ali Akbar Khan
– CD Ali Akbar Khan (Sharod – Vol. 5)
(All India Radio Archival Release)
– CD Jugalbandi Ali Akbar Khan & Ravi Shankar
Ali Akbar Khan Ravi Shankar
(Sarod & Sitar Legends)
Smt. Shoba Shirodkar Gurtu
– CD Shobha Gurtu (Light Classical Vocal)
Saiyaan Nikas Gaye – Thumri,Dadra,Jhoola,Hori
Shobha GurtuUstad Sultan Khan
Sabir KhanPurushottam Walawalkar
(Vocal, Sarangi, Tabla, Harmonium)

Posted in DE (German), IMC OnAir - News | Leave a Comment »

CH – Raga CDs of the Months (09/11): All Day Ragas

Posted by ElJay Arem (IMC OnAir) on September 5, 2011

In different sources of literature the Ragas Pilu (o. Piloo), Kafi, Mand, Dhani or the Raga Bhairavi are listed as the so called >>all day ragas<< (notes: IMC OnAir already presented the Raga Bhairavi in on of its broadcasting shows: morning ragas).

date of broadcasting …

12th September 2011 – 10:00 p.m. CET (04:00 EST) @ Radio RaSA
(premiere: 22nd January 2007 @ Tide 96.0 FM)
broadcasting plan | streaming (Internet Radio & Mobile Radio) | podCast

Raga Pilu is a five tone raga, with a pentatonical scale (see broadcasting on 22nd August 2011) and Raga Kafi is a seven note raga (SA, Re, Ga, Ma, Pa, Dha, Ni and the SA on octave higher), a complete Raga, so called sanpoorna …

For the >>all day ragas<< it is characteristic to be assigned to the light classical period (Indian Light Classical Music). Apart from the instrumental music in Hindustani, in the North Indian Classical style, there exists the Indian Vocal Music.

Singing, the human voice, is the most prominent instrument of India. Here we also regain the form of the >>all day ragas<<. For example in the Thumri singing and Dadra, a nuance of the Thumri-s. The same as Raga Pilu and Kafi both Thumri and Dadra belong to the Light Indian Classical music. Thumri-s are used for the romantic expression.

Ali Akbar Khan
– CD Ali Akbar Khan (Sharod – Vol. 5)
(All India Radio Archival Release)
– CD Jugalbandi Ali Akbar Khan & Ravi Shankar
Ali Akbar Khan Ravi Shankar
(Sarod & Sitar Legends)
Smt. Shoba Shirodkar Gurtu
– CD Shobha Gurtu (Light Classical Vocal)
Saiyaan Nikas Gaye – Thumri,Dadra,Jhoola,Hori
Shobha GurtuUstad Sultan Khan
Sabir KhanPurushottam Walawalkar
(Vocal, Sarangi, Tabla, Harmonium)

Posted in ENG (English), IMC OnAir - News | Leave a Comment »

 
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