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Raga CDs of the Months (11/10): KALPITA SANGITA – Compositions in Indian Classics.

Posted by ElJay Arem (IMC OnAir) on November 16, 2010

SURDAS & SHYAM MANOHAR (Lihto/Print) - Artist: Vasudeo H.Pandya

SURDAS (sage /composer) & SHYAM MANOHAR

The promotion initiative IMC – India meets Classic has presented so fare Indian Classical Music in it’s monthly radio broadcastings on the basis of raga scales.

For North Indian Classics (Hindustani music) the Ragas are classified according to the Thaat system with 10 parent scales. The Carnatic music (South Indian Classics) exist 72 ragams of the Melakarta system.

Raga scales aren’t melody forms, in the sense of composed music pieces “note-for-note” with fixed keys (major and minor)  or exact defined modulations (dynamics) for each bar by written notations.

Ragas are to be understood as more than a complex sete of rules. Ragas are a framework, in it the interpreter freely can move – vocally or instrumentally. Ragas are  monophon (without chords).

The micro-tonal structure (shruti-s) and complex rhythm system (Taala)  guarantee an extremely ornamental art. Raga performances are multifaceted.

date of broadcasting…
16th November 2010 – 09:00 p.m. (CET)
broadcasting plan | streaming (Internet Radio & Mobile Radio) | podCast

Amir Khusro and Hazrat Nizam-ud-Awaliya (Hyderabad, circa 1750-70 A.D., National Museum, New Delhi)

Amir Kushro (composer)

A compositional understanding as in Western classical music does not exist in Indian Classics. But the term ‘composition’ is used also in Indian music.
The term Kalpita Sangita defines the ‘recitative music‘ while Manodharma Sangita means the ‘creative music‘.

Kalpita Sangita is an interpretation form which applies to existing compositions: original compositions or creations of other composers. A composer is called Vaggeyakara.

On the other hand Manodharma Sangita is created by a vocalist or instrumentalist ‘ex tempore‘ spontaneously, a kind of improvisational style as known in Jazz, on the basis of the modal structure of  Indian raga scales.
The radio broadcasting in November “Raga CDs of the Months” is occupied with the compositional concept of Kalpita Sangita.

Sources of pictures (paintings):

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One Response to “Raga CDs of the Months (11/10): KALPITA SANGITA – Compositions in Indian Classics.”

  1. […] 53rd show (01/02/10) – special feature Miles from India – John McLaughlin 54th show (01/19/10) – Raga CDs of the Month: Mangala Snaanam – Mangala Isai 55th show (02/16/10) – Raga CDs of the Month: GRAMA-S… Scales of ancient India 56th show (03/16/10) – Raga CDs of the Month:  Music and Language (part 1 of 2) 57th show (04/20/10) – Raga CDs of the Month: Music and Language (part 2 of 2) 58th show (05/18/10) – Raga CDs of the Month: Indian Swara-s – Mother Nature 59th show (06/15/10) – Raga CDs of the Month: Nyasa – Silence in Ragas 60th show (07/20/10) – summer break (repetition of 10/09) – Jugalbandi… Duet in Indian Classics 61st show (08/17/10) – Raga CDs of the Month: Voice of Tradition – Dr. Smt. Gangubai Hangal 62nd show (09/21/10) – Raga CDs of the Month: Ma Durga (Mother Durga) – Patiency & Freedom of Fear 63rd show (10/19/10) – Raga CDs of the Month: CHANDRA – Moon Ragas 64th show (11/16/10) – Raga CDs of the Month: Kalpita Sangita – Compositions in Indian Classics […]

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