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Archive for September 21st, 2010

Raga CDs of the Months (09/10): Mother Durga (MA Durga) – Patiency & Freedom of Fear

Posted by ElJay Arem (IMC OnAir) on September 21, 2010

Goddess (Devi) Durga - Ma Durga (Mother Durga) riding her lion.

Goddess (Devi) Durga - Ma Durga (Mother Durga) riding her lion.

Raga Durga  is a 5 note raga (audav) – a pentatonic late evening raga. In the ascending and descending scale only five of the seven (7) main notes can be used: Sa Re Ma Pa Dha. The 3rd pitch Ga and 7th pitch Ni are not played which corresponds to the E and B in Western notation. All notes of Raga Durga are natural (suddha), thus neither diminished nor augmented. The modal form of Raga Durga is existing singular in North Indian Classics (Hindustani music).

Raga Durga belongs in the classification system of Hindustani to Bilawal Thaat. Raga Bilawal, one of the 10 main ragas is in its nature seen as “male”. All derived ragas same Durga belongs to are considered as female, as Ragini-s.

The origin of Raga Durga is not clear. Probably it was created in the late 18th /early 19th century. There exist the opinion that Raga Durga is derived from the South Indian Ragam „Suddha Saveri“ (Carnatic music). We find the same material of notes however with other 1st pitch also in Raga Malkauns or Bhupali. The 5 tone scales exist worldwide in many music systems, e.g. Greek pentatonic. As origin for Raga Durga only the region of South Asia can be assumed securely.

date of broadcasting…
21st September 2010 – 09:00 p.m. (MESTZ)
broadcasting plan | streaming (Internet Radio & Mobile Radio) | podCast

Bolo Durga mai-ki-jai (Glory be to Mother Durga) on 10th day Devi Durga returns on the river to her  husband in the Himalayas

Bolo Durga mai-ki-jai (Glory be to Mother Durga) on 10th day Devi Durga returns to her husband in the Himalayas on the river

Ma Durga – Mother Durga is one of the highest female divinities of India. In honours of Durga in different Indian Federal States and close neighbourhoods such as Bangladesh and Nepal the Durga Puja is celebrated of several days (up to 10 days). „The Durga Puja“ is the most important religious celebration in Hinduismus.

Oh Divine Mother Come to Me, I Want
To Become One With You (Refrain).
Oh Divine Mother Let Me Hear, The Whisper
Of Your Gentle Voice (Refrain).
Oh Divine Mother Let Me See, The Love That
Reflects From Your Eyes (Refrain).
Oh Divine Mother Let Me Feel, The Joy That’s
Deep Within My Heart (Refrain).
Oh Divine Mother Let Me Know, How You
Protect And You Guide Me (Refrain).

The annual date is fixed after the Hindu sun and moon calendar Chaitra. Durga Puja is celebrated in the 7th month Ashwin, in the first 9 days. The moon movement (Tithi) plays a crucial role. The month of the moon consists of two halves, the first full moon phase and second new moon phase. Mahalaya, the first day of Durga Puja falls on the new moon day and celebrates the return of the married daughter Durga to her father Himalaya.

Navaratri: The 9 Divine Nights

Hindus mark the advent of winter with Navaratri which includes nights/days of fast and prayer to Durga, the Mother Goddess… [more]

10 Days with the Mother Goddess!

The festive season for Hindus begins with the fast of “Navaratri”, and ends with the festivities of “Dusshera” and “Vijayadashami.” Read about the different ways it is celebrated… [more]

Nava Durga: The Nine Appellations – The 9 Forms of The Mother Goddess

Nava – that also means ‘new’ – denotes ‘nine’ the number to which sages attach special significance. Hence, we have Nava-ratri (9 nights), Nava-patrika (9 leaves / herbs / plants), Nava-graha (9 planets), and Nava-Durga (9 appelletions).

Here’re the 9 manifestations of Goddess Durga. Each goddess has a different form and a special significance. Nava Durga, if worshipped with religious fervor, it is believed, lift the divine spirit in us and fill us with renewed happiness.

Related resources…

Some related articles…

(Source: 09/30/2008 – Subhamoy Das | since 1999 Hinduism Guide @ About.com (Blog & Forum))

Goddess Gallery: Durga – Contemporary Paintings of Goddess Durga

A selection of contemporary the Mother Goddess Durga paintings by courtesy of Exotic India Art Gallery, New Delhi.

For bigger images please visit the About.com website.

Posted in ENG (English), IMC OnAir - News | 2 Comments »

Playlists 2010…

Posted by ElJay Arem (IMC OnAir) on September 21, 2010

Music examples (teaser) of Indian Classical Music …
Listen to and Enjoy some Raga tunes from our 2010 shows (playlists):

53rd show (01/02/10) – special feature Miles from India – John McLaughlin
54th show (01/19/10) – Raga CDs of the Month: Mangala Snaanam – Mangala Isai
55th show (02/16/10) – Raga CDs of the Month: GRAMA-S… Scales of ancient India
56th show (03/16/10) – Raga CDs of the Month:  Music and Language (part 1 of 2)
57th show (04/20/10) – Raga CDs of the Month: Music and Language (part 2 of 2)
58th show (05/18/10) – Raga CDs of the Month: Indian Swara-s – Mother Nature
59th show (06/15/10) – Raga CDs of the Month: Nyasa – Silence in Ragas
60th show (07/20/10) – summer break (repetition of 10/09) – Jugalbandi… Duet in Indian Classics
61st show (08/17/10) – Raga CDs of the Month: Voice of Tradition – Dr. Smt. Gangubai Hangal
62nd show (09/21/10) – Raga CDs of the Month: Ma Durga (Mother Durga) – Patiency & Freedom of Fear
63rd show (10/19/10) – Raga CDs of the Month: CHANDRA – Moon Ragas
64th show (11/16/10) – Raga CDs of the Month: KALPITA SANGITA – Compositions in Indian Classics
65th Show (12/21/10) – Raga CDs of the Month: Studies in Indian Classics (part 1)


broadcasting time in 2010: each 1st Tuesday @ 09:00 p.m. (METZ)
since 1st August 2007: 24 h x 7 d as
Internet-Radio – 1:1 real time worldwide

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example of a raga form: Raga Jhinjoti
– the beauty of this melodious raga lies in its simplicity. It utilizes all the notes and use “komal Ni*.This is a supportive raga of the Thaat Khamaj*. Elaboration of this raga is normally restricted to the lower and middle octave. The play time is the second quarter of the night.

Aroha (= ascending scala): SaReGaMa Pa Dha Ni Sa;
Avaroha (= descending scala): SaNiDhaPa MaGaReSa


*)  … Thaat consists of the seven notes (SA, Re, Ga, Ma, Pa, Dha, Ni) and is designated by the change of shuddha (naturally played), komal (softly played) and teevra (hard played).

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Mangala Snaanam – Mangala Isai (Holy Bath – Holy Music) – 16th January

  1. Namagiripettai Krishnan (Nadhaswaram) – Bhayavami (Ragamalika) – CD „Nadhaswaram (EMI Music India)
  2. TN Rajarathnam Pillai (Nadhaswara.pdfm/vocal) – Raga Thodi (1950)
  3. T.N. Rajarathnam Pillai – Raga RaviChandrika
  4. Sheik Meheboob Subhani & Kaleeshabi Meheboob (Nadhaswaram Duo) – Seeta Kalyanam (marriage song) – CD Subha Mohoortham – Marriage Songs on Nadhaswaram (1997, Shympnony Records)
  5. Dr. Sheik Chinna Moulana (Nadhaswaram) – Raga Yadukula Kambhoji – CD Nadhaswaram – Vol. 1
  6. Mambalam M. K.S. Shiva (Nadhaswaram) – Raga Yaman Kalyan – CD Golden Melodies of Nadaswaram
  7. Kalyanasundaram – Tillana (Tyagaraja composition) – CD Mangala Isai (2007)
  8. Mambalam M.K.S. Shiva (Nadhaswaram) – Raga Desh – CD Golden Melodies of Nadaswaram

Gramas – Music Scales of Ancient India – 16h February

  1. Shahid Parvez (Sitar) – Raga Bhairav – CD Morning Ragas (Vol 1)
  2. Ulhas Kashalkar (vocal) – Raga Alhaiya Bilawal – CD Tarana – Flights of Melody (1994, Music Today/The Orchard)
  3. Jahnavi Jayaprakash (vocal) – Raga Hindol – CD Legacy (2007, Karnatic Lab Records)
  4. Dr. L. Subramaniam (Violin) – Ragam Vasantapriya – CD 3 Ragas for Solo Violin (2006, Nimbus Records)
  5. Shujaat Hussain Khan (Sitar) – Raga Deepak – CD A Tribute to Tansen – Deepak – A Raga set free (1999)
  6. Bismillah Khan (Shehnai) & Prof. V.G. Jog (Violin) – Raga Todi (1965, HVM)
  7. Shruti Sadolikar (vocal) – Raga Shree – CD Evening Ragas – Vol. 1 (1992, Living Media India Ltd.)
  8. Bhimsen Joshi (vocal) – Raga Lalita Gauri – CD Ragas Puriya Dhanashree & Lalita Gauri (2006, Navras Records)

Music & Language (part 1 of 2) – 16h March

  1. Zakir Hussain (Tabla Solo) & Mohammad Omar – CD Ustad Mohammad Omar: Virtuoso from Afghanistan (2002, Smithsonian Folkways Records)
  2. Shahid Parvez (Sitar) – Raga Deshkar – CD Maestros Choice (1992, Living Media)
  3. Aruna Sayeeram (vocal) – Raga Mohanam – CD The Jewels of Oothukkadu (2005, AVM Audio)
  4. Kaushiki Chakrabarty (vocal) – Raga Misra Mand (Thumri) – CD Pure (2004, Senseworld Music)
  5. Bhimsen Joshi (vocal) – Raga Shankara (Khyal) – In Celebration – Vol. 2 (2000, Navras Records)
  6. Sultan Khan (Sarangi) & Zakir Hussain (Tabla) – Raag Charukeshi (Alap & Gat) – CD Raag Charukeshi & Folk Tunes
  7. Padma Talwalkar (vocal) – Raga Durga (1998, Nimbus Records)
  8. Sayeeduddin Dagar (vocal) – Raga Bhairav (Dhrupad) – CD Lineage of Dhrupad (2004, Senseworld Music)

Music & Language (part 2 of 2) – 20th April

  1. Uday Bhawalkar (vocal) – Rag Malkauns (Dhrupad Composition)- CD Raga Shri – Raga Malkauns (1998, Nimbus Records)
  2. Santosh Nahar (violin) – Tappa In Raga Kafi (Addha Taal) – CD The Golden Bow (2002, SenseWorld Music)
  3. Enyet Khan (sitar) – Raga Bhupali – CD Prof. ENAYET KHAN – Centenary Tribute from Megaphone (2004, The Megaphone Company)
  4. Raghunath Seth (flute) – Raag Shuddh Sarang (Gat In Rupak Taal) – CD Pandit Raghunath Seth (1997, Navras Records)
  5. Meeta Pandit (vocal) – Raga Bilaskhani Todi  – CD Tansen (14 original compositions of the legend) (2006, Music Today)
  6. Pt. Jasraj (vocal) with Appa Jalgaonkar (Harmonium) – Raga Bageshwari  – CD Night Ragas – Volume 2 (994, Music Today)
  7. Ravi Shankar (Sitar) & London Symphony Orchestra (Conductor: Andre Previn) – Fourthmovement: Raga Manj Khamaj – CD Concerto For Sitar & Orchestra (original: 1998, 2005:Digital Remastering – EMI Classics)
  8. Dr. L. Subramaniam (violin) – Ragam Vasantapriya – Three Ragas for solo violin (Sarasvatipriya, Vasantapriya, Sivapriya) (1990, Nimbus Records)

Indian Swara-s – Mother Nature – 18th May

  1. Satish Vyas (Santoor) – Raga Jog (Alaap, Jod, Jhala) – CD Cascade (1996, Navras Records)
  2. Ustad Asad Ali Khan (Rudra Veena) – Raga Gunakali (Alap, Jod, Jhala) – CD Inde Du Norde – North India Instrumental (1972/1991, Unesco: Series: Anthologie des musiques traditionelles)
  3. Vikas Gupta (Sitar) – Raga Gaud Sarang – CD A Journey (2005, SenseWorldMusic (SWM))
  4. Partho Sarothy (Sarode) – Raga Yaman – CD Tribute To Australia (2003, Hindusthan)
  5. Tejendra Narayan Majumdar (Sarode) – Raga Bhatiyar – CD Twilight Melodies (2006, Navras Records)
  6. Enayet Khan (Surbahar) – Raga Multani
  7. Ustad Sabri Khan (Sarangi) – Raga Multani – CD Raga Darbari-Multani (1991)
  8. Ustad Abdul Halim Jaffer Khan (Sitar) – Raga Tilak Kamod – CD 70th Birthday Rlease (1996, Navras Records)

Nyasa – Silence in Ragas – 15th June

  1. Jay Kishor (Surbahar) – Raga Malkauns – CD The Color of Night ( 2003, Magnatude)
  2. Ashwini Bhide Deshpande (vocal) – Raga Jaunpuri – khyal in jhaptal – CD Women Through The Ages Series (1999, Navras Records)
  3. D.K. Pattammal (vocal) – Sivakamasundari (Raga: Mukhari) – CD 12 Sangita Kalanidhis (Live at Music Academy, Vol. 1) (1996, AVM Audio)
  4. Prasanna (Electric Guitar) – Rara Rajeevalochana (Raga: Mohanam) – CD Vibrant Aesthetics (Guitar Meets Thavil) (1997, Inreco)
  5. Roshan Jamal Bhartiya (Sitar) – Raga Yaman – CD Roshan Jamal Bhartiya Live (2004, Full Circle Arts)
  6. Kishori Amonkar (vocal) – Samarpan (Raga: Yaman) – CD Samarpan – The Joy Of Surrender (2002, Music Today)
  7. Raghunath Seth (Bansuri) – Raga Poorya Kalyan – CD Jugal Bandhi (Flute) – Live at Music Academy, 1987 (2005, AVM Audio)

summer break: Jugalbandi… Duet in Indian Classics (repetition of 10/2009) – 20th July

Tradition of Voice – Dr. Gangubai Hangal (biography) – 17th August

  1. Live Recording (Indian Festival “Parampara – Indian Music on the way to the West”) – Berlin, Haus der Kulturen der Welt (13th/14th März 1992)
  2. Raga Miyan-Ki-Malhar – CD “Classic Raaga Collection” (Venus Records & Tapes, 1994)
  3. Raga Basanta – Live recording (Delhi) – CD “The Voice of Tradition – Vocal Music from North India” (Wergo/Spectrum, 1991 / 1999)
  4. Raga Bageshree (Vilambit (Ektaal) + Drut (Teentaal)) – CD “Maestro’s Choice Series One – Gangubai Hangal” (Music Today / Living Media India Ltd., 1991)
  5. Raga Marwa (Vilambit (Ektaal)) – CD “Classical Vocal. Ustad Amir Khan & Gangubai Hangal” (The Indian Record MFG. Co.Ltd., 1995)
  6. Raga Jaijaivanti – CD Padma Vibhushan (Music Today, 2006 – original recording: 1991 / Living Media India)
  7. Raga Bihag – CD “The Last Word in Hindustani Vocal (part II)” – Music Today (11/2009)

Ma Durga (Mother Durga) – Patiency & Freedom of Fear – 21st September

  1. Shantanu Bhattacharyya -Track 3: Jaya Jaya Durga Jaya Ma Tara (18:48) – Durga Kirtan (Isha Music, 2008)
  2. Hariprasad Chaurasia – Track 3: Raga Durga (Gat In Matta Taal, 11:54) – Raga Cycle (Navras Records, 2006)
  3. Rajan & Sajan Mishra -Track 3: Raga Durga (14:40) – Evening Ragas (Vol. 3) – (Music Tuday, Jewel Case (2003))
  4. Birendra Krishna Bhadra – part 1: Mahishasura Mardini (9:00) (All India Radio, MAHALAYA 2008)
  5. Pt. Kumar Gandharva -Track 1: Raga Durga (28:52) – Deep Ki Jyot Jare Re (Venus Records & Tapes Pvt. Ltd., 2004)
  6. Pt. Shivkumar Sharma -Track 1: Raag Durga (31:36) – Sangeet Sartaj – Vol. 2 (Music Today, 2002)
  7. Naseeruddin Sami (Dehli Gharana) & Wajid Hussain on Tabla -Track 1: Durga (4:36) – Round the Clock Ragas – Vol III (22.2.2003)
  8. Ustad Salamat Ali Khan -Track 2: Durga (11:45) – The Legendary Salamat Ali Khan – Vol. 4 (EMI Pakistan, 1999)

Chandra – Moon Ragas – 19th October

  1. Rahul Sharma (Santoor) – Track 1: Raga Chandrakauns (Alap) (9:11) – CD Akaash (SMW – SenseWorldMusic , 2004)
  2. Devashish Dey (Vocals) – Track 2: Raag Chandrakaunsh (17:58) – CD From The Ghaats of Benaras (2008)
  3. Ali Akbar Khan (Sarod) – Track 1: Raga Chandranandan (17:31) – CD Traditional Music Of India (Fantasy Records, 1995 (2006))
  4. Ustad Rashid Khan (Vocals) – Aali Re  –  Track 4: Raga Chandradhwani (8:38) – CD Albela Sajan Aayo Re
  5. Bombay Sisters (Vocals) – Kanakangi (1st Raga In Chakra I (Indu)) (6:25) – CD Varnams – Carnatic Classical Vocal (Anand Audio)
  6. U Srinivas (Mandolin) – Track  5: Ganamurthy (3rd Raga In Chakra I (Indu)) (8:17) – CD Rama Sreerama (Real World Records, 2007)
  7. S. Balachander (Veena) – Track 7: Vanaspati (Fourth Raga In Chakra I (Indu)) (7:35) – CD Marvellous Melakarta Melodies – Vol 3 (Saregama India, Ltd , 2005)
  8. Rajesh Vaidhya (Veena) – Track 5: Tanarupi (6th Raga In Chakra I (Indu)) (10:27) – CD Fusion

Kalpita Sangita – Compositions in Indian Classics – 16th November

  1. Aruna Sayeeram – Track 6: Lalits Lavanga (Ashtapadi – Raga: Basant Bahar; Tala: Adi) (8:38) – CD: Perennial Favourites (Aruna Sayeeram)  (AVM Audio, 1998)
  2. Srikanto Acharya – Track 7: Ankhiyan Hari darson ki pyasi (Lyric: Surdas) (6:09) – CD: Offering (Bhajans – Devotional songs) (Rhyme Records, 2001)
  3. Parween Sultana – Track 3: Hansdhwani (Tarana) (11:37) – CD: Maestro’s Choice – Parween Sultana (Music Today (2002), Living Media Limited (2003)
  4. Unnikrishnan – Track 9: Arul Thavazhum (Language: Tamil; Genre: Shivan-Guru Ramanar; Raga: Kalyani) (5:27) – CD: Ilayaraja’s Guru Ramana Geetham (Agi Music, 2005)
  5. Sanjay Subramaniam – Track 6: Thillana (Raga: Kannada; Tala: Roopakam) (5:19) – CD: Mystic Moods (AVM Audio, 2005)
  6. Sheik Chinna Moulana – Track 4 (Disk 3): Apadurukulo (Javali) (6:18) – CD: Paddhatti Live In Concert (1973) (Charsur Digital Workstation, 2003)
  7. D.K.Pattammal – Track 1: Viribhoni Varnam (D.K.P) (Raga: Bhairavi) (7:32) – CD: Carnatic Vocal (Live) – Vol. 1 D.K. Pattamal (Inreco (The Indian Record MFG. Co.Ltd), 2000)

Studies in Indian Classical Music (part 1) – 21st December

  1. Nasir Aminuddin Dagar – Track 1: Raga Miyan Ki Malhar – Aalap (10:02) – CD “Raga Miyan Ki Malhar” (2004, Saregama)
  2. Uday Bhawalkar – Track 5: Raga Jog – Dhrupad (12:11) – CD “A Dhrupad Recital” (2010, Navras Records)
  3. Faiyaz Wasifuddin Dagar – Track 2: Raga Bhimpalasi – Composition + Layakari – Kunjan Mein Rachyo Raas (Chautaal, 12 Beat) (18:35) – CD Dagar – The Pathway (2009, Navras Records)
  4. Gundecha Brothers – Track 5: Aan Sunai Bansuri Kana Kana – Dhrupad (Sooltaal, 10 beats) (7:14) – CD Darshan (2002, SWM – SenseWorldMusic)
  5. Bahauddin Dagar – Track 2: Ragini Todi (Jod, & Jhala) (14:59) – CD Dhrupad (2005, SWM – SenseWorldMusic)
  6. Ritwik Sanyal – Track 4: Raga Darbari Kanada – Celestials) (11:29) – CD “INDIA Dancing to the Flute – Music & Dance in Indian Art” (1997, Celestial Harmonies)
  7. Sayeeduddin Dagar – Track 3: Raga Bhairav – Dhrupad (Sadara, 10 Beats) (8:13) – CD “Lineage of Dhrupad” (2004, SWM – SenseWorldMusic)
  8. Zia Mohiuddin Dagar – Track 1: Raga Gangeyabushan (Alap) (19:39) – CD Raga Gangeyabushan (2001 (Original: 1968), Amigo)

 


Jingle: WEST meets EAST – indian ragas on western instruments
(CDNF 150562 ADD Made in India . PKD. 12/2004)

1. MISHRA KALENGRA:
JINAN PRAKASH GHOSH (Harmonium) & V.G. JOG (Violin)
2. THUMRI in RAGA KHAMAJ in ADDHA TEEN TAAL
3. Vishwa Mohan Bhatt (Slide Guitar)
4. RAGA KALAVATI: Shankar Jaikishan
5. RAGA MADHUVANTI: Charanjeet SINGH (Synthethizer)

P  & C 2004 Owner, Manufacturer: SAREGAMA INDIA Ltd., 33, Jessore Road, Kolkata – 700 028. India (Original sound recording: The Gramophone Company of India Ltd.)

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