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Raga CDs of the Months (10/09): Jugalbandi – The duet in Indian Classical Music

Posted by ElJay Arem (IMC OnAir) on October 11, 2009

The Indian classical music is performed for many centuries as the in Western style well known chamber ensemble.

A Jugalbandi is at least of two soloists (vocalist or instrumentalist), who play hand-in-hand. One cannot differentiate between an accompanying instrument and a single solo player. It is like the meeting of two strangers, who step synergeticly together into a dialogue. They can be accompanied by two percussionists, e.g. on the Tabla and Pakhawaj. This constellation is named as „double Jugalbandi“.

dates of broadcasting…
19th October 2009 – 10:00 p.m. (MESTZ)
broadcasting plan | streaming (Internet Radio & Mobile Radio) | podCast

The term „Jugalbandi “(or jugalbhandi) literary means „twins tied together“. In the Dhrupad (vocal style) same as in other categories of music work the term appears as “yugul “. It means „pair “.

Jugal (S) = pair + bandi (A) = to bind

The introduction of the Jugalbandi cannot be dated exactly. While the Khayal, a modern and elegant vocal style of North Indian Classics (Hindustani) mainly exist as solo form (Ekala) usually reserved for solo singers, the vocal duet was already known in the in oldest style of Hindustani, the Dhrupad. The birth of the Dhrupad can approximately be dated back to 100 AC .

Bombay Sisters

Ravi Shankar & Ali Akbar Kahn

Wadali Brothers

Senior Dagar Brothers







Rajan-and-Sajan-Mishra Nathamuni-Brothers-with-brassband-2

Sikkil Sisters

Vilayat & Shujaat Khan

Rajan & Sajan Mishra

Nathamuni Brothers

Note: IMC OnAir’s radio show „Jugalbandi” defines the duet in Indian Classics contentwise to the identically compositorial term. The Indian musicologist Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande created Jugalbandi compositions. Bhatkhande lived till 1936 (10 Aug 1860 – 19 Sept 1936); he is the inventor of the classification scheme of North Indian ragas, the so called Thaat system. For his Jugalbandi compositions Bhatkhande picked up a traditional raga form and confronted to it with a modern modification. By this contrast the traditional Raga melodic was clearly audible for the public (editorial note: melodic is a „content describing“ contrary to the melody as „form describing “).

Jugalbandi with Ragamala paintings (miniature painting)…

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